|The Astrology of Polar Latitudes|
|Andrew. J. Bevan, QHP, DMS Astrol. (c) 2009|
|Practicing Astrology North of the Arctic Circle|
|Towards the North
who visit Oslo at 60°N
during summer are impressed by the fact that it never gets dark. The
same is of course valid for all other locations of the same latitude. At
Summer solstice the Sun in Oslo sets at 22.44 CEST, only to rise 5 hours
later at 03.53 CEST. For similar reasons the length of Daylight hours
during the months of winter are greatly reduced. On December 21. the Sun
will rise at 09.18 CT before it sets at 15.12 CEST.
Beyond Daylight lies twilight. Astronomers say that twilight lasts as long as the slightest indication of day can be detected in the horizon above the Sun, which is as long as the Sun is less than 18 degrees below the horizon. Civil twilight is when the center of the solar disc is less than 6 degrees below the horizon. We can that these orbs are closely related to the orbs of ‘combustion’ and ‘being under the Sun’s beams’, and at the equator it may observed how they actually effect the visibility of the planets. At Oslo 60°N the inclination of the celestial equator in the sky is 90-60=30 degrees. With the inclination between the celestial equator and the ecliptic being 23°27’, this means that at midsummer the Sun will never be more than 6°33’ of arc below the horizon, so it never gets really dark. Astronomical observation is greatly impaired by twilight, unless observing bright objects like Mercury and Venus.
What happens in the Arctic?
beyond the Arctic Circle, there is the phenomenon of the Midnight Sun
and Midwinter night. During the height of Summer the Sun will never set.
During winter the Sun does not rise and may be gone for several months.
At high latitudes beyond the Arctic Circle the celestial sphere of
circumpolar stars extends south to include areas of the zodiac that
cease to fall below the horizon in the manner we are accustomed to. The
periods of Midnight Sun and Midwinter Darkness are of equal duration*
as the Sun moves through passages of equal length on either side of its
solstice points. As the Sun reappears after being gone for several
months during of Arctic winter, the local inhabitants celebrate its
return with a festivity.
the years of 1987 and 1988 I was living in Sortland, Norway at 68N40,
15E20. This is 2 degrees north of the Polar Circle at 66N33. Assuming
that the Sun is in its Summer Solstice at 0° Cancer,
at midnight in Sortland the Sun will still be visible 2 degrees above
the horizon in the north. Due to refraction, the bending of light caused
by the Earth’s atmosphere and that is roughly 1 degree along the
horizon, the Midnight Sun ‘appears’ to be 3° above
the horizon. Due to an optical illusion that causes celestial objects to
appear larger than they actually are when they move along the horizon,
you would be subject to believe that the height and altitude of the Sun
was even greater still. Due to the bending of light the midnight Sun can
actually be seen South of the Arctic Circle, but for all practical
purposes in astrology calculations are made in reference to the rational
horizon and not the ‘apparent’.
The celestial equator and
tropical circles at they appear at various latitudes
Commentary to the above figures:
By following the figures is easy to work at the
apparent height and path of the Sun at various latitudes when located on
- a) the Celestial Equator b) the Tropic of Cancer c) the Tropic of
Capricorn. In fig 3 – at 60°N
notice how the Sun in Oslo barely sets during midsummer and only just
creeps above the horizon in the midst of winter. In fig 6 - at 75°N
it is easy to see how north of the Arctic Circle portions of the
ecliptic do not intersect the horizon. Some degrees never rise and never
the Artic Circle the inclination between the celestial equator and the
local horizon is 23°27‘
and equal to the angular inclination between the celestial equator and
the ecliptic. This means that once every day there will occur a moment
when the ecliptic lies in parallel with the Great Circle of the local
horizon. North of the Arctic Circle degrees of the zodiac that are equal
distant of the tropical solstices 0° Cancer and 0° Capricorn will not
intersect the local horizon according to the latitude of the location.
Some degrees will never set and will ever be raised above the Earth
(circumpolar), while others will never appear above the Earth and leaves
what remains to be a broken circle.
practicing astrology in the Arctic I made a habit of marking those
degrees that didn’t cut the horizon in red in the outer rim of the
chart. At Sortland the degrees between 6SG07 – 23CP53 would never rise
but always be located below the rational horizon. The degrees between
6GE07 – 23CN53 would never set. Notice that Sortland is only 2° north
of the Arctic Circle and yet it takes 48 days for the Sun to travel the
distance down to the Capricorn solstice and up again. You have to
imagine the tilting of the circle. The length of day and night changes
most dramatically close to the Vernal and Autumn equinoxes. Most often
the irregularities of the Arctic do not interfere our general experience
of the Earth’s rotation upon it’s own axis. In the main, all
celestial objects tend to behave just as we are used to in more
hospitable climates, because the ‘Midnight Sun’ in the South during
day is not a problem. It’s when the darn thing doesn’t go down in
the evening that you are finding cardboard sheets to blackout the
bedroom windows, and even then you can’t get off to sleep because the
neighbor has decided to mow the lawn at 11 pm… Of nature, the people
of the North are more likely to sleep less during the summer and then
catch up during winter with some sort of semi-hibernation.
both an astronomical and astrological perspective the challenge of the
Arctic is not due to the habits of the locals but due to a daily
phenomenon that occurs when the Midheaven passes through the broken
passage of the zodiac - those degrees that never rise above the horizon.
The reason that the Sun can be seen at midnight north of that Arctic
Circle is because it is accidentally located at the opposite side of the
sky at the same point in time, i.e. the phenomenon of the Midnight Sun
will only occur then the Midheaven is passing through its dark degrees
at the same time as the Sun is moving through the equally sized passage
on the opposite side of the zodiac.
the Midheaven moves through those degrees that never rise, the natural
order of the signs of the zodiac collapses. I used to imagine the
behavior of a twirling dish as it topples and collapses on the floor. It
is a good image, not entirely correct, but it will serve its purpose.
You have to get into your mind a picture of the remarkable nature of
Arctic latitudes. North of the Arctic Circle the inclination between the
ecliptic and the celestial equator is greater than the inclination
between the celestial equator and apparent horizon - and at a point the
signs of short ascension will topple ahead of themselves and backwards
out of the eastern horizon. The crunch occurs as the Midheaven sets. At
this point the MC and Asc come to a conjunction but since the prospects
of a rising degree is void in this point, the Ascendant jumps 180° from
its position in a sign of long ascension to the opposite point in a sign
of short ascension where it will retrograde with great pace backwards
through the zodiac until it again joins with the MC as it emerges from
hibernation. Then the Ascendant will jump back 180° again to a sign of
long ascension and resume normal passage. The time it takes the
Ascendant to retrograde through the signs of short ascension is equal to
the number of degrees it takes the Midheaven to move through its
sub-terrestrial passage in the south, with 1° of the ecliptic being
converted into 4 minutes of time. At my location at 68N40 at Sortland
the Midheaven is sub-terrestrial for a little short of 48°, which,
multiplied by 4 minutes, equals 3 hours and 12 minutes.
NOT discard the Midheaven South. I say this explicitly. The celestial
meridian is the Great Circle that surround the Earth and that intersects
MC (south), IC (north), Zenith (above) and Nadir (below). The Midheaven
is ever the culminating degree in on the celestial meridian and in the
northern hemisphere this will always be towards the South. At the North
Pole it is different. The North Pole is like another planet. Anyone
traveling to the North Pole is due to have both their sense of direction
and sense of belonging distorted, and they are probably attempting to
live out a hard aspect between Saturn and natal Moon. If you are at the
North Pole then you are on an expedition and not supposed to live there.
At the North Pole everything is south, as the world revolves beneath
your very feet. At the Pole point you may dance through the World’s
time zones in rejoice over a cup of hot chocolate. You are likely to
feel Super-human but running in rings at great speed around the Pole
point ahead of the Sun does not allow you to travel backwards through
time. The Superman trick does not work. Astronomically and
astrologically, the Polar problem may be compared with the headaches to
be provided by astronauts during space travel. They have all traveled
beyond the rational world. As soon as babies are born in space capsules,
astrologers will depart from charts with a terrestrial ascendant but
move on to adopt another a different kind nodal axis that can be applied
to prove the radicality and direction of the chart.
moving back to Earth, unless you behaved really bad in a previous like
you are not likely to belong at the extremes of either Pole. This is not
home. I watched people on TV as they reached the North Pole on skies.
They stood there crying and hugging each other and it was crazy. As soon
as you get anywhere close to civilization again you are likely to forget
all the dizzy emotions. You will find your head again and begin to
relate normally to both south – and north!
Midheaven South marks the place of culmination for any degree when
observed from the northern hemisphere. The sub-terrestrial passage of
the Midheaven South traveling below the horizon may for the sake
understanding the basic concept be compared with Via Combust although it
behaves more in a fashion similar to like an intercepted sign. Here the
angle is buried into the Earth. It is like a secret, a wish or a distant
country, something not yet seen the light or been born into the world.
highest point of the zodiac above the horizon has never been the
Midheaven (unless by coincidence). Astrologers tend to get this wrong.
The highest point of the zodiac above the horizon is called the
nonagesimal. The nonagesimal is the point of the zodiac that is 90°
distant from the radical ascendant in the direction in opposite to the
ascension of the signs. No degree of the zodiac culminates twice during
a day. When 0° Cancer appears in the North at midnight this is when
this degree appears at it’s lowest point, which is much contrary to
it’s culmination in the South. However, every degree will pass the
Great Circle of the Meridian twice a day, as these intersections are
defined by the MC and IC.
the Midheaven moves through the sub-terrestrial path of the zodiac that
takes it below the local horizon of the observer, the ascendant will
move swiftly, and with retrograde motion, through the signs of short
ascension. The nonagesimal will display a similar horrendous motion and
move with great speed as it is constantly at a right angle and
inseparably linked to the ascendant, but this motion is nothing else
than a demonstration of all those degrees that lie in almost equal
parallel to the horizon at that moment upon the toppling and clatter of
the zodiacal dish. The ascendant is retrograde. So what? Are we supposed
to run into hiding? No - Interpret it! Stars do not fall down from the
Sky and the Sun and the Moon do not reverse their motion. The zodiac is
still the Great Circle that the planets follow in their passage around
the Sun. Anything going on in the ascendant is nothing but a local side
effect. Houses ‘appear’ to get crammed together as house systems
‘appear’ to collapse, but what have we been telling people through
all times? - Houses appear to be of different size but are all actually
equally large and that it all is a matter of how the apple is divided
is a language and a matter of dialects. If one approach doesn’t work,
we can always adopt and approach the problem from a different angle. If
the chart doesn’t show houses, then maybe you didn’t need them for
the chart, or the question wasn’t radical. One of the problems in
astrology occurs when the querent wants to know everything at once. This
is one of the challenges of natal astrology, and it also pops up when
journalists call me and ask me what is going to happen in the next year.
Their question and approach lacks focus and is void. The moment does not
lack focus when it comes to mapping specific mundane phenomena. I must
add the from the perspective of the North Pole 90°N the planet Pluto
has through 2008-2009 transited the Winter solstice and lowest heaven at
the same time at Saturn in 2009 has been in the Autumn equinox and
descending degree. Look at what has been happening to the ice-masses.
Nor is the Arctic void when applying the technique of horary astrology
to answer specific questions. The moral is that no matter your art,
sport or science – stay focused if you have any ambitions of success.
our New Baby be Christened?
A – the chart looks wrong when drawn by a computer
am presenting two different drawings of this chart. The first one is
drawn by a computer but shows it all wrong. The second is my hand-drawn
chart that puts the MC in the south, as it should be, and the ascendant
is located towards the north, as this the area along the local horizon
where the ecliptic actually does rise. In the outer ring of the
hand-drawn chart I have indicated those degrees that do not cross the
horizon at that latitude in either south or north. There is no Midnight
Sun in October, but it can be seen that the culminating degrees on the
Midheaven are sub-terrestrial level and bellow the Earth. Hence, the
celestial dish is performing its daily phase of topple.
B – When the chart is draw by hand, the astronomy of the moment
appears in its actual fashion.
ascendant is retrograde in the late degrees of Taurus, but these now
become early due to the motion of ascension. The question is in fact
early, since the child is not born at the time of asking. I took the
ascendant conjunct the cluster of the Pleiades to be my significator,
together with the Venus, ruler of the ascendant, who I found in Gemini
on the cusp of the 4th.
am a home father at the time of the question. Still practicing
astrology, but on the main I am at home looking after our first child
while the mother was at work. Venus, ruler of the 1st house
is in the 4th house in the sign of Gemini. Our first child is
a daughter born in the sign of Gemini. Regarding the Pleiades I believe
this represents the Lamp of Aladdin that has a Genie with hidden
treasures bottled up inside. I feel this deals with astrology that is a
forgotten treasure that is having difficulty in getting out and being
shared and appreciated in the everyday world. I am also represented by
Jupiter in the 1st house who is in detriment, yet holds his
own face in the beginning of Gemini. Much of my time in North Norway was
spent writing astrological manuscript that never was published, yet in
parts. Note that Jupiter is Lord of the Midheaven that is hidden beneath
the Earth. By moving to the north, I had chosen to postpone my own
commercial interests and give priority to the professional opportunities
of my spouse and my interest in our family.
Moon has several meanings in this chart. She is in an exact trine to
Mars who is both in his own sign and own face at 4AR38. The ascendant
needed 6 degrees to reach the opposition of the Moon and the sextile of
Mars and the baby boy was born exactly 6 weeks later on September 6.
1988. The child was healthy and sound, but of my children – this was
the most challenging of births. The mother was pushed to her limits and
had to work hard. As for myself I almost fainted. The perfection of any
aspect between the Moon and Mars, who are natural enemies, this will not
occur without some trouble and labor but I hope the degree of the lunar
eclipse had something to do with it, or else we are in trouble.
gave the cusp of the 7th house at 28SC34 to signify the
clergyman of the church, since his function in the respect of this
question, is nothing different than that of a physician or doctor. He is
represented by the lord of the 7th, Mars in Aries, and the
Moon in Sagittarius in the 7th house. Scorpio on the 7th
shows him predisposed and suspicious, although with Mars in Aries – I
am sure he also would have been considered a good Shepard. The Moon in
Sagittarius indicates him to be an agent for the church, and although
the Moon and Mars were in an amicable trine, the Moon was wearied by
square the degree of her eclipse in Pisces. The priest was in the
situation of a conflict in faith. The Moon is located at 4SG38 and needs
no more than 1°30 to move
into the dark degrees, but consider also that she has 5° of latitude
south of the ecliptic. Her declination is 26S03 and her placement
already 2°30 beneath the horizon. From this condition I judged the
priest’s reluctance and his wish to wane from the opportunity of
introducing an astrologer to his church.
cusp of the 9th house, of the church, is also in the in
sub-terrestrial degrees at 17SG19, as it is true that various
authorities of the church have abandoned the teaching of astrology from
the face of Earth. However, Jupiter, Lord of the 9th, 10th
and dispositor of the Moon, is in my first house and in it’s own face.
This is a condition that Lilly says with keep a person in dignity and
out of trouble, so that he neither looses his pose nor gets thrown out
of his place of residing.
priest consulted his colleagues and finally it was decided in advantage
of the baptism, as we had wished. The Christening of Jonathan, our
newborn Son, occurred on October 9. 1988, 11 weeks after the moment of
the question. Mercury, lord of the 5th and significator of
the new baby, was directed 11° forward to the body of the Sun in Leo at
the time of the event. Mars, lord of the 7th, who was in a
perfect trine to the Moon at the time of the question, had on October 9.
by transit retrograded to 2AR07 and moved into perfect trine to the Sun
in the horary and closed the gap of a grand trine involving the
we moving towards a New Ice Age?
by casting this chart I am not trying to claim I have all the answers to
question that concern the ultimate and destiny of Mankind and the
Universe. It is simply me trying to pick up on the on the drift of
things from the point of my personal interest and perspective as an
astrologer. The chart is included because it demonstrates the technical
variations of Arctic latitudes. For that it serves its purpose and the
question can be regarded as a curiosity. It’s interesting to pull old
charts out of the filing cabinet because it says something about how
much our perspective of the world has changed over so relatively few
C – Drawn by a computer - doesn't look right.
Fig. D – The chart places the MC in south and shows the ascendant diverting towards the south, as it does in reality.
in the previous example I have chosen a chart that shows the Midheaven
in sub-terrestrial degrees, but in his one the ascendant is leaning
towards the extreme south. I am the querent, represented by the Aquarian
ascendant and its lord, Saturn, who is retrograde and within one degree
of Uranus in Sagittarius in the 8th house. This makes sense
as much of my efforts at the time were put into researching classical
texts of astrology. Retrograde Neptune has recently culminated in the
south in sub-terrestrial degrees. The question does very much address
the fragile balance in nature and, noting that Neptune is kept out of
sight, it shows how we tended to bury these issues and ignore our
responsibility as a part of the Whole.
The question of whether we are approaching an Ice Age is a climatic question, as if asking for a long-term weather forecast. These questions are judged according to the 4th house. In the north of this chart is the sign Cancer, which describes our eco-system as it is vital to organic life. Mercury is on the cusp of the 6th house according to Regiomontanus house cusps, but he is only 5 degree off the IC and is due north in the matter of 20 minutes. He his significations as a weather barometer are interesting since he is located in circumpolar degrees and does not set below the horizon. Venus is also in circumpolar degrees of the zodiac, but since her latitude takes her 4° south of the ecliptic she is actually below the horizon. There is surely a lot of interesting astrology and astronomy in Arctic regions. Mercury is in the exaltation degree of Jupiter and thermally, the planet Earth is a pretty good place to live. Mercury is disposed by exaltation by Jupiter, which brings us to another interesting feature of the chart – that Jupiter is in the very last minute of Taurus; something is on the change. With Jupiter moving into Gemini there is a mixed reception between Jupiter and Mercury. Could this have something to do with an alteration of weather patterns.
Moon is lady of the 4th house and significator of the
question. She is located at 27LI12 and is in the latter degrees of an
air sign. This is convenient for a description of atmospheric changes.
She moves from her sinister sextile to retrograde Saturn through signs
of long ascension, to the sextile of retrograde Uranus. She is besieged
by Saturn and Uranus, restless and out of balance as regards to what
lies ahead of her. Uranus is in a fire sign and next follows her dexter
square to the angular Sun through signs of long ascension. Neither of
these applications indicate cold, on the contrary, the Moon’s
application to the Sun setting in the north is an indication of warming.
is where we are today, two decades later, fighting global heating. The
Moon needed two degrees to reach the Sun, and probably that can be
converted into decades. The dexter square being cast through signs of
long ascension could represent an opportunity to get hold of the
situation and regulate it. There Sun is peregrine and unreliable, yet he
receives the Moon in both her domicile and face. If the Moon is directed
ahead yet another degree she enters Scorpio at about 2016. If the
problem concerning global heating isn’t addressed and solved with pace
then the consequences may get unpleasant as the Moon is directed to the
degree of her fall at 3°