by : Andrew J. Bevan, QHP, DMS Astrol. (c) 1998-2017



Aspects through Signs of Long and Short Ascension

A Brief Introduction:

The sextile aspects between planets and/or to angles in a chart through signs of long ascension are apt to convert and work out like a square. The square aspects cast through signs of long ascension are thought to work out as a trine. The trine aspects cast through signs of short ascension are apt to convert and work out like a square. The square aspects through signs of short of ascension have the potential of a sextile.

The signs of long ascension are Cancer, Leo, Virgo, Libra, Scorpio & Sagittarius. The signs of short ascension are Capricorn, Aquarius, Pisces, Aries, Taurus & Gemini. Culpeper adds an explanation for the effect and conversion of the working of the aspects, saying that, in addition to the observation of the long and short ascension of the signs, it also may be due to the natural friendship and enmity between the rulers of these signs, viz. by their natural powers of these planets.

The incorporation of these meanings provide an added dimension to horoscope interpretation. Matters that start in the ditch, may be resolved. And other cases that start out looking good, have to be kept an eye on to make sure that things don't stray into unhappy endings.

Explanation and Interpretation

The sextile through signs of long ascension is full of confidence and due to bold action. However, the native may rush into matters, overestimate his or her abilities and learn things the hard way. The native is prone to accidents or to get things wrong. There is the tendency to overdo, overestimate, come out too fast and fierce, and miss the curb. The sextile through signs of long ascension is innovative but liable to risk and gamble. The native needs to cool down, think twice, be reasonable, exercise sound  judgement and take some measures of security.

The square through signs of long ascension has the ability to see beyond the problem. Issues look difficult at first sight and often involve a challenge, problem or crises. While matters may start in the ditch or in a poor state of trouble and strife, the native has the ability to work things out. Early experiences of obstacle become an obvious resource and matters get lifted to a new level. Humble beginnings can reason to great rise. There is the potential of getting the upper hand on the situation. To every problem there is a cure. The effect of the square is not entirely abated  but there is no problem without a solution. With every problem there comes a gift. Don't give up on a square through long ascension. With the square does also comes the ability to act.

The trine through signs of short ascension is a difficult one and the native needs to stay on the alert. While matters often have a excellent starting point there is the tendency to take things for granted and 'overlook' important factors. It is alright as long as things are up, smooth and running, but as soon as something unexpected occurs this could give reason to a sudden collapse or downfall. It is like being born into the wealth but then have the person forget how lucky he is. The native may approach things poorly, misuse gifts and talents, so things go wrong. Life becomes a party with money spent and wasted. Starting in the high and ending in the low. A fast job and easy solution may have the strength to weather challenges round the next bend. It doesn't have to go like this. The native should not fall into the mistake under this aspect of resting upon his laurels. The native should avoid putting the aircraft into auto-pilot and thus approaching matters like a sleepwalker. In fact, navigational equipment may not working as it is supposed to, nor giving the right picture, so it is important to have a man on the bridge to keep an eye on things. Because the aspect is a trine it is slightly lacking in energy, but it portrays the challenge of the square.

The square through signs of short ascension can actually be quite dynamic and rewarding. The tension, challenge and demand of a square is all there. There is pressure, people get caught of balance and there is the feeling things are heading the wrong way, but then comes the ability to understand the situation and draw the correct conclusions. Some clever maneuvers are exercised and matters are resolved to everyone's satisfaction. Often the square through signs of short ascension will indicate an act of great wisdom and maturity or disclose a hero. Things look bad from the start, but issues can be resolved.


William Lilly also has an example in Christian Astrology where he allows the semi-sextile between the Lord of the Hour and the ascendant prove the chart as radical. In conclusion, this semi-sextile is found more forceful and probably has the ability to action and initiation in the same manner as a sextile.

Among my files, I also found cases of trines cast through signs of long ascension that expanded to an inconjunct aspect. Example; in an issue of health the native assumed that all was well and then ignored the warning that his body was giving with dire consequences. So with the trine through signs of long ascension it is important not to overestimate ones abilities or ignore potential risk.

Sinister and Dexter aspects

The term "Sinister" and "Dexter" occasionally appear in texts of classical astrology and provide a more careful description of the working of an aspect formed between two planets, or cast from a planet to an angle. The rules add to a more accurate chart interpretation, but unfortunately the subject has been due to much confusion and error, as can be seen in many textbooks. Therefore, a correct explanation has been badly in need.

A Sinister aspect is performed when a swifter planet applies to an aspect cast ahead of itself in the zodiac. A Dexter aspect is formed then the applying planet casts its aspect backwards, against the flow of the signs. The sinister or dexter aspect involves both of those planets that are in aspect. Take the example of a swift Mercury in 5 Aries and applying to Mars in 6 Leo; if Mars is the significator, then Mars will receive the sinister trine form Mercury; if Mercury is the significator, then he will form a sinister trine to Mars. The applying planet tells who is initiation or moving into the event.

A sinister aspect is a left-handed aspect. A dexter aspect is right-handed. To keep difference between left and right, think of it in terms of the Sun facing the Earth and which side then lies on the Sun's left and right. The natural motion of the planets is with the zodiac and facing Earth (not with their backs turned, like the inferior planets during their inferior conjunction with the Sun). An applying aspect is like a tightening of muscles. So a sinister aspect is a punch from the celestial left; a dexter aspect from the celestial right. The left lies ahead of the Sun and further into the zodiac according to the flow of the signs and relates to what is ahead and unknown. The right side refers to already covered ground, so generally speaking the right hand is more forceful, has better know-how, training and experience. Another way of explaining it is that a wheelbarrow is more stable in it's course when it is pulled, than when it is pushed. Even more obviously with the trailer of a car.

If a retrograde planet applies to a direct planet, then both planets are applying to one another and matters are often hasted. It is the swifter planet that decides whether the aspect is sinister, left and forwards, or dexter, right and backwards.


When an aspect is dexter is just like a right-hand punch; full of force and major impact. The action is clear and deliberate, making an obvious case. The marks are there. Whatever the aspects signifies will be evident in a most determined, decisive and pronounced manner. With the dexter aspect there is both intent and delivery.


A sinister aspect is like a left-foot kick at goal. It is weaker and with reduced force. The significator has less command of the situation and the ball may not meet its target. The querent could be in the dark and unaware the state of affairs. Sinister aspects do not always live up to expectations. The outcome depends upon a matter of touch. Parties may lack concentration and accident brings about the outfall. However, sometimes the event will creep up and spring into the open through the agency of an unexpected turn. Left foot kicks take you by surprise. The nature of the planets involved must be studied to determine whether the effects will be good or bad. Perhaps the sinister aspect indicates a risk or gamble, or matters are approached from either the wrong or least likely angle. On a statistical basis there is less likelihood of their effects working out.


The dexter square is most forceful; the sinister square is less evil, since it doesn't have the same kick. A dexter trine is of full fortitude, but the sinister trine is like an uncertain promise. The dexter sextile is good, but the sinister sextile does not possess the same force of action and may even be the cause of irritation. Not withstanding, in all cases of judgement observe whether the planet is a fortune or infortune and whether it be in a good celestial state; if the planet is in a good condition and possesses dignities in the place to which he does apply, he will still perform the sought effects. Planets that have essential dignity perform; those who do not fail in bringing any good, the good does not last or matters collapse.


Example charts

On p155 of Christian Astrology, Lilly gives and example where Venus, Lady of the Ascendant, is in Gemini and applies by sinister trine to the Ascendant and to Jupiter, who is in Libra in the first house. He says that had this been the moment of a sudden accident, it could not have redounded to the querent's disadvantage, but done rather good.

On p165 of CA, regarding a ship at sea, the Moon in Virgo casts her sinister square to Fortuna in Sagittarius (but both below the horizon), and Mercury cast his dexter square from Pisces to Fortuna; there was no doubt that the ship was cast away.

On p393 of CA, the application of Sol in Virgo by trine dexter to Saturn in Taurus, who is lord of the Capricorn Ascendant; the missing dog was brought back to the querent on the very day of the aspects perfection.

On p396 of CA, Mars makes a dexter square to Mercury who is significator of a thief. Mercury is stationary and Mars would not form a dexter square to Mercury if he were not slow. The dexter square, Mars applying to Mercury, gives the thief scars in his face.

Page 402 of CA says Lilly: "That according to natural causes in Art, the Enemy should be worsted, I had these reasons; first because Saturn the Lord Hopton's significator is sub radis (under beams); next, he is in his Fall; thirdly beholding no aspect of any Planet, but wholly peregrine and unfortunate, beholding the cusp of the seventh with a square dexter (from Aries to Capricorn), arguing loss to his Army, and dishonour to himself by the fight, &c.

Comments added 03. July 2004

The dexter aspect is like the safe move of a football team where the ball is kept in possession and played backwards into ones own team and field, with the intention of gaining the support and follow-through of fellow players. This allows the team to fortify the attack by means of a more steady and determinate build-up. The sinister aspect is more like booting the ball up field in the stray search of an attacker. The sinister aspect moves the ball into foreign/ unknown ground - and the move may thus be termed more bold, daring, reckless and adventurous.

In rugby the ball may be thrown backwards into the home field to a player of the same team, but only kicked forwards. OR the player may win his team a point by out-running, or running through the hazard of the opposing defence while in possession of the ball.

The dexter is a safe-return, while the sinister is like a counter attack or at its best a shrewd attack when both skill, balance and the element of surprise are all present. With the sinister aspect someone is caught off-balance. If the planet is in a good condition and possesses dignities in the position to which he does apply - perfection will follow.  

Examples in interpretation:

The sinister sextile through signs of long ascension is most likely to create a sudden burst of optimism and confidence, but causing an advance that fails and that soon may be counteracted. It would be like a spontaneous attack in football that misses its aim, puts the ball in the place of the opponent and causes an unexpected turn in the game. In financial markets early rallies may lead to reversals.

The sinister square through signs of long ascension has more than any other aspect the capacity to bring about a bold move, which succeeds through the element of surprise and brings about an experience of talent combined with fluke luck.

The sinister trine through signs of short ascension is probably the most dangerous aspects where disaster may be the end result of error or neglect. With this aspect the quesitive is apt to failure and there is every need to double-check and stay on ones toes, as it were. In the case of the "Aviation disaster at Torghatten" the plane was out of course.

The sinister square through signs of short ascension is likely to bring things safe and home, and may be though the act of heroism.


The dexter sextile though signs of long ascension indicate a defensive move or routine, but one that may lead to expense and delay rather than fortune. Tradition does not work out and there may be the case of unfortunating ones objective. There may be the case of poor judgement or getting lost. As example, in the financial markets where one might to sell a position to secure a profit - and attempt to recapture it at a more reasonable price later, but this does not occur - the end result being both addition cost and the loss of a valuable position in the market. 

The dexter square through signs of long ascension is where talent and skill converts to a calculated and desirable fortitude. Matter is worth working with and a good days work is delivered. Efforts lead to credit, pride and remuneration. 

The dexter trine through signs of short ascension shows neglect, error or maybe even sabotage. There may be an abuse of wealth, trust or position. The aspect is likely to be evil in effect and more forceful than the sinister trine. Someone's due to a major sucking up. Fraud is about, or a trickster, and the party may be suspected of knowing what he's up to.  The aspect is warning to refrain from acting.

The dexter square though signs of short ascension shows a bold and forceful move, a somewhat defensive reflex, but one that is filled with virtue and has every prospect of serving its purpose. Once again an example from the financial markets, where the querent makes an aggressive move - either shifting or bailing out from one held position but demonstrating a strategy that is to the advantage of capital preservation. 

Other examples: 

1) Consider a football match - the opposing or enemy team have won the ball and are launching an attack. The square through signs of short ascension reorganizes the troops and succeeds in making a defensive move that annuls the attack. The shot at goal will be saved - even if it occurs on the goal line.

2) In matters of health the square through short ascension shows the alert or threat of a disease, but from that point on doctors do everything they can to get to the bottom of diagnosis and stabilize the condition. The square through short ascension responds to crises in a constructive manner, comes up with a plan, a strategy and a solution.

Final considerations:

When the significators are above the horizon they have far more ability to keep things afloat, by nature they can better see where things are going and know what to do. When the significators are below the horizon they are much more in the dark and in loss with the situation, and their ability to consciously administrate the situation is weekened. In this sense, the sextile through signs of long ascension above the horizon is not as bad as when both planets are under ground. In the same way, the square through signs of short ascension is not so ill when significators are above the Earth, as to when they are below. William Lilly says that when both Sun and Moon are below the horizon, this greatly reduces to hope of recovering a lost article. Everything may be lost or gone in the dark.